Augustus Earle & Capoeira

Augustus Earle “Negroes fighting. Brazils” (Negros combatendo. Brasils)

Augustus Earle nasceu na Inglaterra dentro de uma família de artistas oriunda
dos Estados Unidos de America do Norte, em 1793. Dotado de talento natural,
ele já participou de exposição na Académia na idade de 13 anos.
Logo depois de completado o curso de artes, ele resolveu viajar, primeiramente
no mar Mediteraneo, depois nos Estados Unidos de America, e aos 27 anos, para
América do Sul. Depois de breve estadia no Peru, ele desembarcou em janeiro de
1821 no Rio de Janeiro. Ele permaneceu no Brasil até fevereiro de 1824. Durante
aqueles três anos, ele sempre foi um artista independante, sem vinculação oficial.
Ele entregou alguns dos seus trabalhos para Maria Graham, que se valeu destes
como ilustração do seu Journal of a Voyage to Brazil, and Residence there during
the years 1821, 1822, 1823
, London:1824. (Jornal de uma Viagem ao Brasil, e
de uma Residencia lá durantes os anos…). A não for este livro, as obras brasileiras
de Earle nunca foram impressas. A Biblioteca Nacional de Australia detém uma
pequena coleção destas; é onde Earle viajou ao sair do Brasil. O resto da obra é
dispersa.

http://www.capoeira-palmares.fr/histor/earle_pt.htm

Slave Market, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1820s




Comments
In the list of plates of Graham’s book, this scene is captioned, “Val Longo, or slave market at Rio”; street scene showing slave children and adults and European buyers and sellers. The engraving is derived from a painting made by the English painter Augustus Earle (1793-1838); he lived in Rio de Janeiro from 1820 until 1824 and executed a number of paintings focusing on slavery (see Earle, on this website).

Source
Maria Graham [Lady Maria Callcott], Journal of a voyage to Brazil and residence there, during part of the years 1821, 1822, 1823 (London, 1824), facing title page. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University; also, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97201)

http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/Slavery/detailsKeyword.php?keyword=Augustus%20Earle&recordCount=7&theRecord=0

Slave Market, Pernambuco, Brazil, 1820s


Comments
Engraving captioned, “Gate & Slave Market at Pernambuco” (Alternate title in list of plates is “View of Count Maurice’s Gate at Pernambuco, with the slave market”). Street scene shows slaves waiting to be sold, surrounded by Europeans. The engraving is derived from a painting made by the English painter Augustus Earle (1793-1838) who lived in Rio de Janeiro from 1820 until 1824. The 1824 Royal Academy annual exhibition catalogue identifies this painting as: “Gate of Pernambuco, in Brazil, with new negroes. The police ordering the slaves to be housed, on account of an attack made on one of the out-posts by the patriots, in 1821. Painted in Brazil. Augustus Earle, Esq. H[onorary].” During his stay in Brazil, Earle executed a number of paintings focusing on slavery (thanks to Sarah Thomas for her assistance; see Earle, on this website).

Source
Maria Graham [Lady Maria Callcott], Journal of a Voyage to Brazil, and Residence there during . . . 1821, 1822, 1823 (London, 1824), opposite p. 107. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University; also, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-97202)

Dance, Brazil, ca. 1820-24


Comments
Water color on paper titled “Negro fandango scene, Campo St. Anna, Rio de Janeiro”; shows men, women, and children dancing; musical instruments (e.g., drums), people with pottery vessels, fruit. Augustus Earle, an English painter, lived in Rio de Janeiro from 1820 to 1824.

Source
Painted by Augustus Earle (1793-1838); original in National Library of Australia, Canberra (nla.pic-an2822606)

Slaves Fighting, Brazil, ca. 1820-24


Source
Painted by Augustus Earle (1793-1838); original in National Library of Australia, Canberra (nla.pic-an2822650)

Comments
Water color on paper titled “Negroes fighting, Brazils.” Although the word “fighting” is in the artist’s title, the men’s body movements are those of Capoeira (see image reference NW0171 on this website). Several onlookers are shown, including a woman carrying an infant, and a white policeman/soldier approaching the scene; note the drum shown by the seated man, the source of music for this performance. Augustus Earle, an English painter, lived in Rio de Janeiro from 1820 to 1824.

Public Whipping, Brazil, ca. 1820-24


Source
Painted by Augustus Earle (1793-1838); original in National Library of Australia, Canberra (nla.pic-an2822614)

Comments
Water color on paper titled “Punishing Negroes at Cathabouco [i.e., Calabouco], Rio de Janeiro”; shows unclothed black man tied to stake, being whipped by another black supervised by a white man. Augustus Earle, an English painter, lived in Rio de Janeiro from 1820 to 1824.

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